Dear Mindy:

Many of the online retail and digital distribution clients for PC games started life as a tool for publishers to easily provide games to customers around the globe.  The success and popularity of this distribution, and subsequently marketing, medium has led to most of these clients becoming general distribution and host services still under their parent companies but now offering thousands of titles from many different developers., Blizzard Entertainment’s online gaming service and digital distribution platform and the first online gaming service incorporated into company games, has not diversified and has remained an exclusive outlet for Blizzard’s PC games.

In its original iteration provided little beyond listings and chatting.  Since then it has expanded to host online games, provide matchmaking and tournament ranking, and account management for players’ online profiles.  In 2009 Blizzard upgraded to support its new generation of titles.  Since the upgrade all Blizzard games now require a account.  Any Blizzard games purchased after 2009 automatically prompt the player to create a account after installation.  An account can also be created at the website.

Creating a account consists of making a login username and password.  Once the account has been created and the client downloaded this will be the username and password the player uses for all Blizzard games.  Blizzard games, when accessed directly instead of through the client, have their own login screens but all use the player’s username and password.’s origins as an online gaming support service make the software particularly suited to online gaming services such as match-making, in-game networking, and the release and implementation of patches and downloadable content.  Players who do not necessarily own the same game can become acquainted and chat with each other as long as they both have a Blizzard account.  Each Blizzard game has its own homepage interface on the client where updates and advertisements from Blizzard are listed and downloads can be managed and implemented.

To date six Blizzard titles can be purchased and are managed on  Older Blizzard games have their own version of known as Classic which continues to host multiplayer matches and provide patch downloads but otherwise does not provide digital distribution.  Any games that were originally purchased as CD/DVD can be integrated into the player’s online account and interface and will be supported in the same way as completely digital products.  Like all successful digital distribution platforms does not require a subscription or charge fees for usage.

Since only supplies and supports Blizzard games it should not be viewed as a competitor to other digital distribution clients like Steam or GamersGate but more as a business exclusive niche.  Blizzard does not sell its games through other digital distributors so is the only digital source for all current Blizzard titles.

Shattered Union

I unfortunately deprived myself of the opportunity to get into the turn-based tactics genre of strategy games during their heyday in the ’80s and ’90s.  Shattered Union, developed by PopTop Software and released by 2K games, was a relatively late arrival to the market upon its release in 2005 but was nevertheless my first foray into a game whose principle mechanics revolved around turn-based tactics.

Shattered Union takes place in a United States that has been divided into several region-based factions after political disunity and domestic terrorism disrupt the national government.  Seven playable factions are presented (six U.S. factions plus European Union peacekeepers) and each has its own starting difficulties and opportunities.  Players assemble a fighting force on the strategic map and choose territories to attack.  Only one territory may be attacked per turn and all units committed to an attack cannot be used again until the following turn so it is generally advisable to keep units back for defense.  Income is also received at the beginning of each turn and is based on the value of the territories controlled by the player.  Units can be purchased, repaired, and sold any time during the player’s turn on the strategic map.

When a territory is attacked the game enters the turn-based tactical battle phase and this is easily the best and most developed part.  Most of the U.S. ground arsenal is represented with the air force making a good showing but not fully filled out, likely due to redundancy issues, and there is no naval combat.  Units are divided into categories to help the player easily identify their battlefield purposes; i.e. the player may not know what an LAV or Sheridan tank is for but their assignment into the Scout and Light Armor categories respectively puts their abilities into perspective.  Each faction also gets a fictitious unique unit (a heavy armor unit for each faction except the Great Plains Federation which gets an artillery unit) with similar statistics but varying degrees of effectiveness versus specific unit types.

Tactical combat is divided into turns with the attackers always taking the first turn.  Deployment zones are chosen at the start of the map with the attacker usually sequestered against one edge while the defender can deploy into the major cities around the map.  Once units are deployed the battle begins and fog of war covers the map, even for the defender.  Each unit has a specific movement range for negotiating the hex grid map with roads and pathways allowing more movement than forests and hills.  Helicopters move and act in the same manner as ground forces but fighters and bombers are stored an in airfield structure and only move when issued a specific order (such as an air patrol or bombing run).  Units can move until their movement points are used up but can only attack once per turn.

The story behind Shattered Union’s plot is simple and mostly implemented for continuity.  Increased popular dissent across the United States coupled with the elimination of the presidential succession by a terrorist nuclear attack on Washington D.C. prompts the 48 contiguous states to either secede from the Union or simply conglomerate into regional alliances, forming the game’s principle U.S.-based factions.  Very little dynamic is added for the E.U. faction and the Europeans are mechanically treated the same for gameplay.

The Political Reputation element adds some personality to faction AIs and player choices.  The more landmarks and strategic buildings a faction destroys during a battle the more its reputation slides towards ‘evil’ (the red side of a green to red progress bar that can be viewed on the strategic map).  Conversely making attempts to avoid collateral damage and preserve landmarks will slide a faction’s bar towards ‘good’.  To facilitate this every unit in the player’s arsenal has a factor for collateral damage allowing the player to determine which units to use in urban combat versus open range combat.

The alignment of a faction’s political reputation affects some of its abilities, most importantly support powers and the number of partisan units that appear in tactical battles.  Factions with good reputation will attract partisans in defensive battles and make use of support powers that repair units and buff defense.  Evil reputation drives partisans toward a faction’s opponents but unlocks powerful offensive abilities that damage units en mass and lower unit defense.  Story-wise, political reputation does not affect the progression of scripted events but does influence the narrative of the player’s ending; different cutscenes are shown at the end of the campaign based on if the player’s faction was primarily good, evil, or neutral.

With little storyline, most of the game’s single-player content revolves around the tactical battles.  This element is by far the best developed and most important part of Shattered Union.  Players assemble a pool of up to 42 units and deploy any number of them into offensive and defensive battles.  Depictions (not to scale) of real landmarks, cities, even interstate highways make the map come alive as the factions battle over familiar locations.  Rivers, bridges, and mountains all contribute to make the tactical experience engaging and challenging while bringing the in-game world to life.

Shattered Union’s multiplayer aspect is limited to the tactical battles in the form of a skirmish mode.  Players determine beforehand the amount of funds used to purchase armies, then purchase units and engage in a tactical battle across one of the maps used in the Campaign.  Power types and levels are chosen through the assignment of a political reputation level for each player during the setup.  As turn-based game Shattered Union’s multiplayer quality demand is low and should perform adequately on lower internet speeds.

The game’s limited story, two-faction unit roster, and large but static campaign map can devolve into repeating situations and strategies.  Since the bulk of the game’s enjoyable content is found in the tactical battles this is only a partial handicap to long term replay options.  However aside from each faction’s unique unit most of the enjoyment comes from a player’s improvisation and willingness to explore new and even potentially handicapped strategies.  Certain elements of the campaign, such as how many times a player can be attacked each turn, are constrained by difficulty level.  Thus a greater challenge can be acquired by raising the campaign difficulty however the AI’s competency does not improve vs its ‘cheating’ tactics, such as ganging up on the player or knowing where the player’s units are even without scouting.  This can lead from entertainment to frustration.

The Skirmish mode offers far more variety for tactical battles.  Players can explore different unit combinations, play the Russian faction, and explore the full range of support powers in the good, evil, and neutral levels of political reputation.  This is also a much faster and easier method of exploring the factions’ unique units.

Shattered Union is almost on the level of a tactical simulation game; most of its strategic and story elements are background for the tactical battles of the campaign.  The campaign itself is enjoyable and worth playing at least once for the excitement of conquering the United States and fighting off the Russian invasion.  However this game is appropriately termed a tactical strategy game; only in the tactical battles do the game’s design elements and enjoyment value come into their own.  Shattered Union is dated by modern standards and even casual gamers will likely find it to be little more than a distraction good for a dozen or so hours of gameplay.  However the game is cheap, easy to learn, and on modern machines has virtually no load time.  Its genre is also a fairly rare perspective and focus for PC games and is worth the experience for that element alone.

Note: Shattered Union is available on Steam but has known loading errors for most recent operating systems.  The Steam Community has very helpful guides and quick fixes which should allow Shattered Union to operate with little or no difficulty.

Warhammer 40,000: Dawn of War Gold Edition

Games Workshop’s Warhammer 40,000 franchise (often abbreviated Warhammer 40k), like its predecessor and source of inspiration Warhammer Fantasy is rich in the lore and military diversity that Real-time Strategy games thrive on.  It should come as no surpirse that Relic Entertainment’s RTS adaption of this universe, Warhammer 40,000: Dawn of War, is not only a superb rendition of this dark science fiction future but also a splendid RTS game overall.  Dawn of War, and the first of its expansions Winter Assault (bundled together in the Gold Edition) brings the dystopian universe of Warhammer 40k to life with intense and bloody combat, superb visuals, and deeply immersive factions.

Dawn of War follows the basic RTS conventions of gameplay.  Players start with a single command center (or equivalent) which produces workers and a basic military unit.  These military units are used to capture strategic points, static markers around the map that passively generate one of the game’s two basic resources.  Resource generation can be improved by constructing Listening Posts on these points once they are captured.  Workers construct the various buildings that train and upgrade units and heroes as well as the generators that produce the second resource: plasma.  Tier upgrades at the command center unlock more advanced buildings which in turn allow the construction of stronger units and vehicles.

Aside from workers, heroes, and vehicles, all units come out as squads with most squads starting at four units.  Squads can be reinforced for an additional cost in resources up to a maximum that varies depending on the unit and the race (the hefty Space Marines have an average squad size of 8 while the numerous Orks can field squads as large as 14).  Squads may additionally be upgraded with special weapons that can enhance the squad’s overall performance or make it more effective against one unit type versus another; as well as leader units that improve morale and combat effectiveness.  Morale itself is a key factor in combat; units under fire take a steady morale loss.  When morale drops to critical levels the squad ‘breaks’, an effect marked by red icons around the squad units, and loses most of its combat effectiveness.  Most vehicles and some special units do not have the morale feature.

The Gold Edition features five playable factions: the Space Marines, Eldar, Forces of Chaos, and Orks of the base Dawn of War and the Imperial Guard from Winter Assault.  These factions follow similar build styles and combat capability, although specifics like raising the population cap and which units can detect invisible squads do vary.  The true differences lie in the offensive and defensive tactics represented in their units.  Chaos and the Orks tend to be heavily melee focused with overwhelming numbers while the Elder and Space Marines are expensive, skilled combatants, with a strong emphasis on ranged combat.  The Imperial Guard and Space Marines additionally are notable for being “Jacks of all trades” where their basic units are highly adaptable; the Orks, Chaos, and the Eldar often have to field many different unit types for a balanced force.

The single player campaign in Dawn of War follows one of these factions, the Space Marines, through a series of linear missions where the player faces the Orks, Eldar, and Chaos in an expanding plot about Chaos influence on the planet Tartarus.  The missions are very well detailed and quite challenging allowing the player to experience the full extent of the Space Marine arsenal and the dynamics of their combat tactics against the other races.  Yet while the story and experience are immersive and enjoyable the Space Marines are the only faction with a campaign, the other factions can only be used in skirmish and multiplayer.

This downside is solved somewhat in Winter Assault where every race, except the Space Marines in a very ironic design twist, gets a piece of another story based campaign of five missions divided between the order (Eldar and Imperial Guard) and disorder (Chaos and the Orks) teams where each factions attempts to gain control of an Imperial Titan super mech.  Both campaigns begin with missions introducing the factions followed by a shared level where the player chooses which of the factions in their team they want to continue with (represented by a ‘falling out’ of the factions in game).  The final mission takes place at the Titan regardless of which faction the player chooses; although the methods of victory differ.

The Winter Assault campaign is very flavorful and its highly interconnected missions give the player a strong sense of interactive narrative.  Unfortunately the campaign’s very short duration and partial restriction on what factions are playable severely limits the opportunity the player has to engage and enjoy each faction.  The highly enjoyable final mission, modified for each race, alleviates this shortchange to some degree but overall players will find Winter Assault’s replay-ability to be heavily dependent on their willingness to test the skirmish AI’s varying difficulty levels.

Upon its release in 2004 Dawn of War’s graphics and presentation were top of the line.  Individual units are highly detailed and many feature very entertaining (and sometimes quite bloody) killing animations (in which the units are mercifully invulnerable to damage).  Graphic detail also brings the faction flavor to life with numerous details like facial icons shifting and warping on Chaos buildings and goblin-like Gretchin crawling around the debris of Ork structures.  All this detail does tax the video card to some degree and mid-line machines from the period (usually XP operating systems) may struggle with long skirmish and multiplayer games.  Modern machines should have no trouble with large scale skirmish games.  Dawn of War’s multiplayer is equally well done, with simple setup and connection interfaces that suffer few if any malfunctions on any connection capable of handling RTS play.

Dawn of War, Gold Edition features five levels of Skirmish AI difficulty which provide a decent challenge for players of all experience levels and, except for the hardest AI setting, do not appear to cheat.  Multiplayer is even more entertaining with teamplay against the AI and player vs player matches providing ample opportunities to experiment with different faction strategies.  Loading time for most multiplayer matches is more dependent on individual PC performance than shared internet connectivity and overall is quite fast allowing for multiple matches to be played over the course of a single session.  The factions themselves naturally have some early game build patterns that can sideline the first five minutes into routine, but the unit trees are diverse enough to facilitate widely fluctuating combat scenarios throughout a session.

The Dawn of War Gold Edition is a very well designed strategy game with a rich plot, thematic and well balanced factions, and easily managed skirmish and multiplayer capabilities.  While the single player is very linear and lacking in scope its missions and plot line are rich in flavor and abound with opportunities for intense combat.  Resource and base management have been sidelined in favor of more detailed unit and army management leading to expansive and satisfying battles against the AI and other players.  The graphics and UI options may seem somewhat dated by modern standards; but with the RTS market so sparsely populated gamers will be hard pressed to find a more satisfying RTS experience than Warhammer 40,000: Dawn of War.

Dear Mindy: Steam and the Steam Client

With the digital age in full swing it should be no surprise to any of us that the digital distribution of computer and console games has not only become a major part of the industry but also a preferred part for the emerging and existing gaming communities alike.  There are several digital download platforms providing the gaming community with quick, 100% digital access to games but Steam, the platform developed by Valve Corporation and released in 2003, is by far the biggest and most well known.

Steam itself is completely digital and shares features with online matchmaking, online stores, blog forums, and cloud databases, and even wiki pages.  Steam is available to computer and Playstation users and requires an active internet connection for most of its features; although games with single player modes can be accessed and played offline.

The services the Steam Client provides can be grouped into three broad categories: Steam provides a game library, a place to purchase those games, and a forum and profile system where a gamer can meet and communicate with other gamers.  The Steam Client itself is the interface through which gamers access Steam’s services.  Newcomers to Steam create an account online, then download the Steam Client onto their desktop.  Through the Steam Client gamers can browse the store for new releases, sales, and of course view Steam’s ever increasing library of games.

Games purchased through Steam and added to the gamer’s profile and can be downloaded onto any computer that the gamer installs the Steam Client onto.  A library keeps track of all purchased games, installed or otherwise, and Steam automatically downloads patches and updates to all installed games (these settings can be changed by the gamer).  Gamers can also access guides, forum discussions, and downloadable content (DLC) for their games through the Steam Client.

Perhaps one of Steam’s best features is the ability for gamers to find friends who also use Steam.  ‘Friends’ can view each other’s profiles, send messages through a simple instant messaging system, and receive updates on what games their friends are currently playing.  Steam’s invite system allows multiplayer between friends to be seamlessly and swiftly initiated.

Although Steam is managed by a game company with its own products, Steam offers thousands of titles, including several main franchise such as Elder Scrolls, Half-Life, and Fallout.  A select few titles already owned in CD/DVD format can be unlocked by their owners who then receive the digital versions for free.  Purchases on Steam are facilitated through a number of options such as the Steam Wallet, Paypal, and direct credit and debit card transfers.  Gamers receive a digital receipt and the game is added to their library to be downloaded at their convenience.


Dear Mindy: The basics of the gaming community

Greetings all; this is the introductory post for a special series of features highlighting the basics of the gaming community, specifically tools that facilitate online gaming and interaction as well as basic conventions that influence gaming life.  Most readers will no doubt be familiar with most if not all of these elements, and that’s not only fine but good for all of us gamers.  The information in our following Dear Mindy articles is primarily for those new to gaming or at least to the major online aspects of it.

For everyone not familiar with programs like Steam and Origins or services such as Mumble and Battlenet it is my objective to inform and assist you with these posts.  If you find this helpful in any way please refer your burgeoning gamer friends to the information presented here that they too may experience the myriad options available to gamers of all levels and preferences.

The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle Earth

Its inevitable that successful book, and to a greater degree film, franchise will spawn numerous titles in different media.  The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle Earth is not Electronic Arts’ first foray into J.R.R. Tokien’s Middle Earth but is certainly EA’s best.  Following on the heels of Liquid Entertainment’s and Sierra Entertainment’s The Lord of the Rings: War of the Ring, The Battle for Middle Earth is the second real time strategy game to be set on Middle Earth during the War of the Ring and events of the Lord of the Rings trilogy.  Unlike many previous game titles The Battle for Middle Earth is based exclusively off the interpretation of Peter Jackson’s Lord of the Rings film trilogy.

The Battle for Middle Earth takes a new approach to RTS play.  Bases are now constructed from pre-located build slots in circular base layouts of varying sizes, each categorized by the number of building slots it provides (i.e. a stronghold provides six build slots while a citadel provides eight).  Units are unlocked as their production centers level up through increased use.  Most troop units come in groups, with five being standard for cavalry and human units while ten is more common for orcs.  Upgrades are applied to each individual unit for a price and remain fixed, even if the unit suffers losses.  Special powers, familiar to players of EA’s Command & Conquer Generals, make a comeback as special or passive abilities acquired by purchasing them from a tree that unlocks more options as the player purchases more powers.  Power points are acquired through destroying enemy units and structures.

The power trees are divided between good and evil teams.  In the campaign these are shared by the two factions that make up each team, but the trees are split in multiplayer with the factions sharing some powers but keeping others for themselves.  The four playable factions are the great participants in the War of the Ring: Gondor, Isengard, Mordor, and Rohan.  Good and Evil aligned factions share similar traits, for example only Good aligned factions can build walls and only Evil aligned factions have powers that boost their economic ability.  In keeping with the thematic presentations of the films each faction features its own artistic style and for the most part possess unique unit and building trees.  The designs are very flavorful and surprisingly well balanced.  Some factions lack the diverse build options of others (Isengard is pretty one-dimensional and Rohan can only choose from six units) but their unique designs leave few holes for enemy teams to exploit.

The heroes of Middle Earth make an appearance as well.  Seven of the Fellowship can be trained between Gondor and Rohan (only Sam and Frodo are restricted to the campaign), and these are supplemented by the royals of Rohan and Boromir’s brother Faramir.  Heroes are a lacking aspect for the Evil team, with Isengard offering two and Mordor deploying three aerial Nazgul.  These are powerful heroes, but far less flashy and unique than their good counterparts.  This is not a design error so much as a thematic choice; the Evil factions are able to field a far greater amount of troops and unit types than the Good factions, making the heroes more of a counterweight than an exploitation.

The story for the Battle for Middle Earth’s campaign is the story of the Lord of the Rings, primarily as told by Peter Jackson’s film trilogy.  Players can come to this game and reasonably expect its story to be entertaining.  Even knowing the ending is no spoiler since the outcome hinges on the player’s success in scripted mission such as the Siege of Minas Tirith or Sam’s liberation of Frodo at Cirith Ungol.  While the game’s cinematic openings may promise a grander scale than the mission’s scripting and capacity can actually deliver players trekking through the Good campaign can expect massive battles and sieges where their hero units can shine against overwhelming numbers of orcs, Uruk-hai, and trolls.  The Evil campaign is even more exciting to experience as the player challenges the established outcomes of the trilogy.  EA admittedly had to take some creative licensing with missions like Mordor’s subjugation of Harad or Isengard’s assault on Edoras, but since the Evil campaign boils down to the forces of darkness winning the War of the Ring scenarios like these are logical conclusions.

All of the fantastic elements of Middle Earth make an appearance including Ents, giant eagles, the Army of the Dead, and even the Balrog.  Battles between scripted missions generally play like skirmish battles which can lead to some repetitive experiences depending on how long the player wants to continue the campaign (the player can finish the campaign before all of Middle Earth is conquered).  However each mission has a minor bonus objective unique to that region; they don’t need to be completed to win the region but completing the objective eases the player’s fight against their opponent.  Once the player finishes a capstone scripted mission (Minas Tirith for Good and Osgiliath for Evil) towards the later half of the campaign all of southern Middle Earth is available for conquest by any of the armies the player previously used in earlier missions.

For its time Battle for Middle Earth was a graphically advanced game.  There are few flashy explosions but the minutiae of the game is very well detailed.  This does the story of the War of the Ring the service its due, but can lead to massive performance issues on a machine which runs closer to the minimum system requirements.  Little of the gameplay experience is lost on lower graphics settings, but having to play in fear of a game ending crash is a worry that can always be done away with.  As with most EA RTS games the multiplayer connection can be finicky during launch; dropping players for no apparent reason.  Thankfully this is not a crippling side effect; it has no long lasting effects and is a fairly rare occurrence.

Playing through the campaigns for the Good and Evil teams pretty much encompasses the full single player experience.  Eighteen scripted missions and over thirty regions to conquer make for hours upon hours of gameplay.  Each faction’s full tech tree is available as the campaign progresses, with the power point special powers taking the longest to unlock.  Available skirmish maps include all of the non-scripted missions (sadly, the Siege of Minas Tirith can only be replayed through saves and new campaigns).  Supporting two to eight players with several different types player setups (some regions only have outposts for starting locations where others offer citadels).

The game’s AI is competent but not spectacular.  It follows logical paths for the deployment of infantry, cavalry, siege units and such.  However its use of powers is quite predictable and on anything below the hardest difficulty the AI’s penchant for expansion is little to none.  As a flip side however this one of the few EA RTS games were the learning curve is more stable.  Casual players may find even the normal AI to pose little challenge but the more relaxed pace allows players to level their heroes and unlock powers before the end game.

The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle Earth is by far the most flavorful and thematic Lord of the Rings RTS to date with immaculate attention to detail and a very immersive and entertaining single player campaign.  Fans of the trilogy, especially the movies, will enjoy the movie references and familiar scenes.  RTS gamers may find the unique game elements confusing and perhaps boring, but like any good RTS game the heart of the experience is combat and here Battle for Middle Earth does not disappoint.  For whatever reason the Battle for Middle Earth is not available for online download through any store; but even at full price this game is worth the purchase for any player, casual or skilled, who wants to run the battles of the War of the Ring.


Command & Conquer 3: Tiberium Wars

After the dissolution of Westwood Studios in 2003 the Real Time Strategy market experienced a general stagnation in productivity.  Several companies continued to produce stand alone RTS titles and some spinoffs but suffered from a lack of stylistic direction as they attempted to formulate new templates of RTS gameplay separate from the Blizzard and Westwood formats.  In this period gamers were introduced to a lot of different RTS mechanics and interfaces; yet none of them were able to compare with the genre setting giants of old until Electronic Arts introduced a new title in the Command & Conquer series: Command and Conquer 3: Tiberium Wars.

Command & Conquer 3 revived the long absent Command & Conquer series; bringing with it the familiar standards of the Westwood RTS format such as a central Construction Yard, refinery resource processing, and flashy explosive late game battles.  Most skirmish battles, multi-player battles, and single player missions start the player off with little more than a construction yard from which the player must construct a base and army in order to crush their opponents.  Base and army building follow the standard Westwood format with higher tier buildings unlocking more advanced units and abilities.  Power plants are required in increasing numbers to maintain a growing base and base defenses are divided by their effectiveness against different unit types.

The series’ principle factions, GDI and Nod, return to continue their struggle over the eponymous resource tiberium and their differing views on its terramorphic properties.  The game’s storyline picks up not long after the series’ previous title Command & Conquer Tiberian Sun and its expansion Firestorm.  Reminiscent of previous C&C games players begin the campaign with a limited tech tree; benefiting from more units and abilities as the campaign progresses.  Missions include the old RTS fares like escort missions, base defense, and territory control.  Yet unlike older RTS titles Command & Conquer 3 spices up these familiar missions with more appropriate strategies and units; often taking the unique tactical situation of each mission as a chance to introduce the player to a new unit type.  Stealth missions will utilize Snipers teams and Juggernaut artillery or Commandos and Stealth Tanks.  A feature not unheard of but seriously underused in previous RTS games.

Support powers, available on the left hand side of the screen as the buildings required for them are built, make an appearance in the mainline C&C series for the first time.  These powers require a certain amount of cash to be used and must recharge between uses; they also require a line of sight on their target.  Some powers are more useful in a multiplayer setting against human players and, sadly, many rapidly become obsolete as the tech tree is unlocked.  However many can be used to game changing effect and overall the support powers should be actively utilized; particularly in the single player campaign.

The single player campaign is undoubtedly C&C 3’s strongest feature.  Following the vein established by earlier Westwood games the campaign for both factions follows a series of story-driven missions where the player completes a series of objectives, often gradually unlocked as the player progresses through the mission.  New units and structures are made available each mission until the faction’s full arsenal is unlocked.  The enemies each faction faces vary as the missions go by and some missions will involve the player facing off against two enemies. Unlike older titles which feature supposed ‘bitter enemies’ ignoring their differences to attack the player; in C&C 3 three way battles remain a constantly fluctuating contest between all three factions (some brief ceasefires do appear).

The Scrin, a new playable race that EA has introduced to the Tiberium series of C&C games, is an alien race based off of hints and plot elements from earlier titles in the Tiberium series.  The Scrin are very dependent on tiberium and many of their strategies revolve around it; they also feature more heavily specialized units and a greater reliance on aircraft than other factions.  Although their short, unlockable campaign provides only a brief glimpse at their faction history and story it still provides challenging missions and entertaining cinematics (all CGI however).

Live action cut scenes and cinematics reappear with renewed visual splendor.  Each mission is interspersed with a live action briefing prefacing the situation the player will face in the upcoming mission and its relevance to the faction’s overall goal.  The acting and dialogue could certainly be called campy but is far more enjoyable as the characters struggle with the increasingly complex situations the game’s plot thrusts them into.  For what could be the first time in RTS history the characters actually sympathize with the player when real time situations turn grim.  Settings come alive with numerous extras and improved background visuals.  The only thing sadly missing are the old Westwood endgame videos; sadly few if any in-game units are seen in CGI animation.  In a masterful move by EA the story of C&C 3 is concise enough that players need not have played the older C&C games to follow the story (although their enjoyment of the cutscenes is enhanced by familiarity with the series).

Following on the heels of EA’s last C&C title, Command & Conquer: Generals, C&C 3 features a very vivid display with heat waves, sonic pulses, and dust clouds all beautifully rendered alongside vibrant explosions and flying wreckage.  While beautiful this does exact a heavy toll on graphics utilities and PCs with up to date graphics cards and drivers are recommended for anything beyond the barest visual experience when running C&C 3.

Skirmish mode varies little from previous C&C titles.  Map options ranging from 2 to 8 players are available and players can set the amount of starting cash they begin with as well as special options like bonus crates and allowing superweapons.  Although playing with a faction’s full tech tree is inevitably entertaining the game’s AI can be predictable and varies widely in its skill between difficulty levels making for a poor learning curve.  EA mitigates this somewhat by allowing players to select archetypes for the AI personality such as Rusher or Turtler.  Games also tend to be fast paced with the winner or loser often decided within the first ten minutes.  While this is preferable for many gamers it does deprive anyone wishing to explore and enjoy a faction’s tech tree of more than a few opportunities to test strategies and units.

Multiplayer in C&C 3 is smooth and consistent.  Sadly it suffers from the same flaws as the skirmish mode, namely predictable AI and a poor learning curve.  However the large number of map options and quick gameplay fare far better in a multiplayer setting and combine with easy multiplayer setup to allow a large number of diverse games to be played in short order.

Newer gamers, particularly those familiar with RTS games but not with older C&C titles, might find C&C 3’s rehash of Westwood’s style dated and perhaps even simplistic.  Fans of the C&C series will love this game and although EA’s touch has made subtle changes to the old Westwood formula the favorite elements of C&C, particularly its entertaining and immersive single player experience, return in new and vibrant glory.  Command & Conquer 3 brings back all that was good about old school RTS gaming.  Newer gamers will also enjoy C&C 3’s rich single player campaign.  Anyone who is a fan of the RTS genre should find this title a refreshing rework of the old RTS giants and C&C 3 by far is the best RTS game to be produced in the late 2000s.


Warhammer: Mark of Chaos

Since Games Workshop released Warhammer: The Game of Fantasy Battles which began its Warhammer Fantasy tabletop line the Warhammer Fantasy setting has become a prominent and tragically underrepresented franchise in fantasy gaming.  Its diverse army lists, refined combat model, and well-developed setting and narrative make Warhammer Fantasy the perfect playground for role-playing games, video games, and even movies if anyone would care to invest the effort.

All this is probably the most prominent reason why Black Hole Entertainment’s production Warhammer: Mark of Chaos deserves notice from the gaming community.  Mark of Chaos is not the first tactical strategy computer game made for the Warhammer Fantasy setting but it is the first one to integrate tactical battles, strategic army management, and hero leveling elements on a level indicative of the table-top game’s detail and complexity.

Players familiar with Creative Assembly’s Total War series will recognize many gameplay elements in Mark of Chaos such as regiments of units, rather than single unit models; static battle maps, and combat elements like unit morale and obstructive terrain features.  Mark of Chaos features a single player campaign where the player chooses to command either the Empire and Elves in a good aligned role or fight for evil as Chaos and the Skaven.  The campaign is played out through a series of what essentially amount to scripted battles where the campaign’s iconic hero and the player’s ever growing army face various challenges such as rival hero units looking to dual or organized regiments defending a strategic location.  Between battles the player may spend gold looted from their victories to upgrade the units in their army with better equipment and add-ons.  As the campaign progresses additional elite and specialized units can be recruited into their army, although each battle has a maximum number of units that can be deployed forcing players to choose what strategy to adopt in the later game.

Battles are where the single player section of the campaign shines.  Most of the units from each faction’s tabletop armies are present in the game and are very well adapted to their respective roles on the battlefield.  Cannons are long ranged and effective but slow and vulnerable to enemy cavalry units.  Monsters are equally powerful but prone to drawing enemy fire and can become unruly during combat.  The user interface is fairly simple and straightforward ensuring players can rapidly move between regiments to issue orders.  Traditional military roles are present in some form in each army with pikemen, archers (or musketeers), light infantry, and cavalry all available to balance out an armed force.

Sadly the campaign’s story does not equal the luster of the battlefield.  Voice acting is fair, with most of the cut-scenes taking place ‘in-game’ using unit graphics.  The story line itself is properly done, but rather predictable and for the most part unaffected by the player’s choices on the campaign map (except for a very entertaining choice point for the Chaos faction).  The campaign for both factions is worth playing through and the developers were generous enough to allow the player to experience most of the game’s units over the course of the missions (with a tragically notable exception in the High Elf Dragon Prince).  However once finished there is little to endear the game to further single player activity.

A skirmish mode, treated as a subset of multiplayer by the game, is available where the player can run single fixed battles.  A small selection of maps is available with three battle types.  Arena is a simple army vs army clash; Siege is similar to Arena with the objective switching to defending or conquering a fortified position, and Reinforcement where strategic points around the map can be captured to generate income that allows reinforcements to be called during the course of the battle.  These modes allow the player to experience the well implemented army and unit designs, but a lackluster AI and absence of any driving narrative quickly become repetitive.

Multiplayer follows the same options as the skirmish mode.  Up to 4 players can participate in a single battle.  A preset number of points provides the basis for players to assemble their army with stronger units costing more points.  As in the campaign each army is led by a hero unit with different powers, abilities, and focus such as army command, dueling, and personal combat.  As the part of the game that most closely resembles its tabletop roots the multiplayer has the potential to be Mark of Chaos’ best aspect but unstable internet connections can quickly ruin any session and the game lacks diversity in its map choices, particularly for Siege and Reinforcement battles.

Warhammer: Mark of Chaos is a proper forerunner to what could have been and still could be a very entertaining series of games.  Replay options are low and it features few if any groundbreaking design elements, but what it does have, namely detail, an effective control interface, and entertaining combat are all things that great tactical and strategic level strategy games should strive for and the groundwork requirements for any game seeking to faithfully adapt the Warhammer Fantasy setting.  The game is entertaining enough to warrant purchase and play-through.

After the announcement of Creative Assembly’s Total War: Warhammer it seems that Warhammer Fantasy strategy gaming is moving to a different medium but that doesn’t mean Creative Assembly and other developers can’t learn from what Mark of Chaos did right.  Games like this need to be supported at least to show developers that Warhammer Fantasy can and should become a leading title in the fantasy section of RTS and Grand Strategy gaming genres.

Warlock: Master of the Arcane

By the time Paradox Interactive released one of its titles set in the Majesty universe game setting in 2012 the 4x genre was well established with the Civilization series and its latest iteration Civilization V serving as standard bearers.  Warlock: Master of the Arcane takes many traditional elements made popular by these other titles and adds a strong fantasy combat aspect to it.  Indeed, saying that Warlock is a ‘fantasy Civ V with more combat’ would be a pretty accurate summary of the game’s overall appearance and performance.

Warlock, despite its similarities, was not meant to be a Civ V clone but rather uses reliable mechanics of 4x play to facilitate its new concepts of fantasy adventure and conquest.  Domestic management, particularly in the areas of ideology, policies, and great people are toned down or practically non-existent.  The centrality and dynamics of military conquest takes a prominent, almost central role with each faction featuring its own unit and unique building roster and special Lord hero units appearing to add their considerable ability to a faction’s might.  Spells also make a significant appearance, providing the only element that could be equated to technology as the spells must be researched before they can be used.

As with many 4x games the storyline is oriented around the characters that represent a faction’s leader, in this case the Great Mages.  When selecting a Great Mage the player can view several paragraphs of biography and backstory.  This ties into the in-game lore, accessible when clicking on the portraits of units, and to a lesser degree the narrator’s exposition when the player achieves victory.  Aside from this there is little story to be found, with most of the in-world immersion coming from interaction with AI Great Mages and the exploring of the uncharted Ardanian landscape.  While this does effectively limit the game to one mode in singleplayer and multiplayer this is not a major detriment to the enjoyment of Warlock.  Just as in other 4x games the narrative is primarily crafted by the player.  Players can even customize or create their own Great Mages by choosing a portrait, name, faction color, race, and starting spells or abilities.

Other prime elements of single player enjoyment stem from exploring Ardania and parallel worlds.  With each new game resources, monster lairs, and neutral cities are randomly generated offering new challenges each time a new game is begun, ensuring that each race can be thoroughly tested before the process becomes routine.  Sadly the AI is less lacking in staying power with limited diplomatic ability and generally simple (if sometimes effective) defensive tactics.  The world’s monsters however form a vastly greater threat, particularly in pursuit of holy sites or rare resources in the parallel worlds.

Although multiplayer doesn’t exactly bring anything fresh to the experience of Warlock (aside from the obvious benefit of another human) the game is fairly easy on internet requirements.  It’s turn-based play is sadly limited to the active player, no simultaneous turns are present, but as a turn-based game with little in the way of In-between-turn processes the game experiences little variance in bandwidth requirement.  Unfortunately random crashes can be more common than one would like and frequent saves are recommended.  Several patches have ensured that primary functionality are maintained so simply playing the game is unlikely to induce an error, yet with the release of Warlock 2 further multiplayer support is not to be expected.

Warlock: Master of the Arcane for all its flaws is a masterful first step in what could become a very entertaining and endearing series.  Warlock 2 (which will be discussed later) follows in its steps with many improvements and gives great credit to everything Warlock served as a proving grounds to develop.  Warlock’s games are lively, humorous, and for the most part fairly prompt with a fair amount of customization options for players to explore.  Any 4x player, skilled or casual, who wanted to see fantasy and more combat in their Civilization games will be more than satisfied with what Warlock: Master of the Arcane has to offer.

Rome: Total War

The third in Creative Assembly’s line of Total War games, Rome: Total War was hailed as a hallmark title in the series and one of the greatest games of its genre.  Like it’s predecessors in the Total War line, Rome: Total War follows a formula of turn-based strategic gameplay where players manage a single faction’s cities, family members, and economic and military capacity to conquer a historical region of the world.  In this case it is most of Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Middle East.  These elements are backed up by, occasionally optional, real-time tactical battles where the armies raised and equipped in the strategic map are deployed to engage each other in a very well rendered battlefield with terrain and climate indicative of the region it represents (the Balkans in the winter are snowy and dark while Asia Minor shines with golds and greens in summer).

Rome: Total War is an example of fully comprehensive grand strategy done right.  It achieves a very harmonious balance between the detail and sometimes drudgery of global economic and political management with the thrill and challenge of real-time tactical combat.  These elements are also seamlessly blended together, with properly managed economics allowing for powerful units on the battlefield and successful military actions in real-time, such as holding a critical town from a superior foe, paying very high dividends on the strategic scale in allowing your other armies to concentrate elsewhere.

In the game’s main campaign the player takes control of a faction from the Classical period of Mediterranean history, which is initially one of the three fictitious but very colorful Roman sub-factions but eventually includes several of the other historical powers of the time such as Carthage, the Greek Cities, and Ptolemaic Egypt.  The game clocks the passage of time through turns which divide a year between summer and winter with the game beginning in 270 BC and ending in 14 AD.  In that time-frame the player must conquer 50 provinces (15 for a short campaign) and capture specific objectives such as Rome itself.  Obviously military conquest is the only way to accomplish this, but a strong army can only be raised and maintained through effective economic, diplomatic, and cultural manipulation.

The entire world map is divided into provinces with a city representing the wealth and capacity of each province as well as the means to take control of that province.  Cities generate wealth through agriculture, production, and commerce and serve as the training centers for military units and special agents like spies and diplomats.  Cities grow in population based on their public order and local food productivity, eventually turning into metropolises which provide increased income and defense as well as unlocking the final tiers of production and economic buildings.

The player’s effect on their faction is represented through their faction’s family.  The family is composed of male characters who serve as generals when on the march or in battle and governors when stationed inside the city.  Generals come with powerful cavalry bodyguards and inspire their armies to fight more effectively when present, making your family a valuable asset in conquest.  Additionally family members are born and die as the years pass making family management important.  Promising heirs must be preserved from death and plague while incompetent administrators should be out of the city and on the march.  If a faction’s family is wiped out the faction dies with it, their units becoming leaderless rebels.

The main campaign, which comes in short and long versions, is the primary element of single player in Rome: Total War and features all the elements of the Total War series.  All playable factions are unlocked after the short or long campaign are completed as a Roman faction.  These factions range in degrees of power and culture across Europe and the Mediterranean allowing for a wide degree of replay options.  Although base-building and family management remain essentially the same among the factions, unit and building rosters, as well as the power and circumstances of neighbors, changes dramatically allowing new strategies to be employed and new enemies tested.  Some of the most spectacular challenges can come to those factions farthest from Rome who will have to face the three Roman factions in the later game where their power is better represented.

Single player also offers historic battles where the player takes control of an army on one side of some of the famous battles in Classical history such as Hannibal’s more notable battles or the Roman defeats at Carrhae and the Teutoberg Forest.  Single player and multiplayer also feature the custom battle option where a predetermined amount of funds is used by the player(s) to assemble and upgrade an army chosen from the unit roster of any faction in the game, including ones non-playable in the campaign.  This only adds to the many options players have to enjoy the rich variety that Rome: Total War brings.  Ambitious players can construct their own ‘custom campaigns’ by battling factions across the different regions represented by the custom map choices.

Without doubt Rome: Total War introduced new elements to the series and to a lesser degree the genre as a whole.  Graphics moved from 2D to 3D, user interface was improved, and greater detail and control was added to the world.  Players were given an increased degree of control over their faction family and unit command and maneuver on the battlefield was greatly improved; indeed many would argue that such tactical effectiveness among formations has yet to be equaled in another Total War game.  Many changes that have appeared in later Total War titles such as real time naval combat, increased model detail among units, and more balance among factions might cast Rome: Total War as antiquated.  However for all its shortcomings Rome: Total War outpaces its predecessors and successors in the combination of detail, simplicity, and enjoyment.

Author’s note:  Rome: Total War has often been criticized for claiming to be historical but featuring many ahistorical aspects, the most notable of these being the three Roman families that together form the Roman faction.  While it is true that many of these elements are fictitious it is important to remember that Rome: Total War is a war game designed to entertain, not a historical narrative designed to teach.  Indeed many of the invented elements make the game more exciting by expanding the role of historically small, elite formations like the Spartan Hoplites into the military vanguard of a vast fictional empire.  Additionally, and I might add on a level that has yet to be achieved by any other Total War game, the vivid coloration of the factions aids greatly in rapid identification of forces on the battlefield.   Though not viable as a presentation in a history seminar Rome: Total War more than suffices for its intended purpose of thorough entertainment.